Trauma to the facial bones may result in fracture of the delicate bony framework that constitutes our facial appearance.
Each bone has a significant role to play and hence the repair of the same need to be done by a qualified maxillofacial surgeon with thorough knowledge of occlusion and function of the bones.
- lower jaw: the lower jaw fractures result in change in the way one bites. restoration of the occlusion or the teeth alignment is essential in lower jaw fractures. smallest deviations can cause a lifelong disturbance and hence need to be handled expertly with care.
- upper jaw: upper jaw fractures can be life threatening causing choking. sometimes they can even extend to the skull base and therefore need careful assessment and treatment. restoration of the facial structure by re-positioning the fragile upper jaw bones.
- condyles: the joint fracture needs to be dealt with carefully according to age since fracture of the joint at a young age can result in facial growth retardation. such fractures need timely monitoring for a long period of time. restoration of facial structure, symmetry and occlusion by a maxillofacial surgeon prevents several untoward sequels.
- zygomatic bone/ cheek bones: the zygomatic bones are the cheek bones that are closely related to the eye sockets, fracture of these bones need to be managed for their cosmetic effect and to prevent any vision disturbances
- frontal bone: fracture of the frontal bone can mar the symmetry of the forehead and may also cause frontal sinusitis. management of the same needs an expert team of maxillofacial surgeon and a neurosurgeon .
- nasal bones: fracture of the nasal bones, if dealt with early can prevent nasal blocks, facial asymmetry and a crooked nose.
- eye bones: fracture of the eye bones may lead to disturbances in vision. therefore they need to be assessed and corrected on time.
- tooth fractures: broken/ lost teeth can cause multiple problems and they need to be attended to promptly by a dentist or a maxillofacial surgeon.
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